The People's Republic of China


Jiang Zemin: Pepresentative of the ultimate interests of the broad masses in China

Jiang Zemin spoke at the 90th anniversary of Tsinghua University on April 29, 2001.
December 5, 1993, was vaccination day for children in Beijing. The picture shows Jiang Zemin feeding a child a vaccine pill.


Jiang Zemin, as the third-generation CPC leader, embodies the concepts and choices of the CPC in this new historic period. Born in 1926, he is well educated, speaks Russian and English, and loves traditional Chinese culture. He came into power at a time when Chinese economic construction had progressed to the extent where it had brought material abundance to the people and economic strength to the country. His primary concern is the sustained and healthy development of the CPC cause.

Jiang Zemin attaches great importance to the improvement of the Party's work style and its members' conduct, as well as cultural development. Many years of reform, opening and economic development have brought great ideological and ethical changes to China, with some negative moral and cultural effects. Jiang has had to deal not only with the flood of 1998, the worst for 100 years, but also with a crisis of trust stemming from widespread corruption which the people will no longer tolerate. Carrying on the glorious traditions of the 80-year-old Party has been a critical task for Jiang Zemin.

Jiang has put forward the "three representative" theory and a "rule by virtue" standpoint. The theory that the CPC should at all times represent the development demands for the advanced productive forces of China; the orientation of the progress of an advanced Chinese culture; and the ultimate interests of the broad masses of China. This theory is obviously a continuation of the Marxist historical materialism that the CPC has always upheld. It emphasizes advanced productive forces, which, in Marxist terms, are a decisive factor and a material basis for the development of an advanced culture. From the wording, "an advanced Chinese culture," can be detected shades of Deng's "socialism with Chinese characteristics," although this for Deng was more in terms of economic construction, whereas for Jiang, it connotes cultural development. "The ultimate interests of the broad masses of China" concurs with the basic principle of the CPC, as since its very beginning the Party has pledged to represent the interests of the people. However, when considered in terms of today's international community, which pays increasing attention to human rights and human development, this wording seems to carry still more significance.

Facing the new millenium and economic globalization, there is concern about a tendency towards cultural homogeneity. Jiang has demonstrated his far-sightedness by putting forward the CPC theory, which is one of the reasons for widespread support for the theory within the Party. It demonstrates the determination of the third-generation CPC leadership to carry forward the cause of the older revolutionaries and fulfill the great prospects of the CPC as it continues in its great human endeavor of 80 years.